Leviticus is regarded by many to be a difficult book to read, because it is a book about laws concerning sacrifices, the priesthood, and sacred feasts various laws. As we read through it, keep in mind that the purpose of the Old Testa,don’t law, was to bring us to our need for a redeemer. Paul wrote, ‘the law was our tutor to bring us to Christ, but once in Christ, we are no longer under or bound by the law (Galatians 3:24-25).
The book of Leviticus contains the bulk of the system of laws under which the Hebrew nation lived, laws that were administered by the Levitical priesthood (hence the name of the book ‘Leviticus’ which means ‘about, or relating to, the Levites’). These laws were given mostly at Mount Sinai, with additions, repetitions, and explanations throughout the desert wanderings.
1 Now the Lord called to Moses, and spoke to him from the tabernacle of meeting, saying, 2 “Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: ‘When any one of you brings an offering to the Lord, you shall bring your offering of the livestock—of the herd and of the flock.
It is important to try to understand the purpose of each of these offerings as we will see them presented throughout the bible. The sooner we can understand what they were for, the sooner we can tie them into God’s plan and purpose.
3 “If his offering is a burnt sacrifice of the herd, let him offer a male without blemish; he shall offer it of his own free will at the door of the tabernacle of meeting before the Lord.
The purpose of this first offering, the burnt offering, was meant to be a voluntary act of worship, atonement of intentional sin in general, and an expression of devotion, commitment and complete surrender to God.
1 “When anyone offers a grain offering to the Lord, his offering shall be of fine flour. And he shall pour oil on it, and put frankincense on it.
The grain offering was also a voluntary act of worship, recognition of God’s goodness and provisions, and devotion to God.
1 “When his offering is a sacrifice of a peace offering, if he offers it of the herd, whether male or female, he shall offer it without blemish before the Lord.
The peace offering was a voluntary act of worship, thanksgiving and fellowship, and included a communal meal.